Klio #12 (84) 2013

Skvortsov N.G. (St. Petersburg). Academician Alexander Sergeevich Lappo-Danilevsky: to the 150th Anniversary………. 3

Several commemorative events meeting academician A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s 150th anniversary were held in Russia and the Ukraine in 2013. The most notable among them was the International Conference “Academician A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky in the history of science and culture (to the scholar’s 150th anniversary)”.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, anniversary, science, history, sociology.


A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and his scholarly heritage

Baturin Ju.M. (Moscow). Methodology of Composing Historical Causality in A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Works, and Its Significance for Different Sciences………. 5

The author of the article analyzes the structure-logical pattern of causal links that supervenes from methodology developed by A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky for historical research. He argues that the methodology has found its high efficiency far beyond the bounds of historical science, and is possible to be applied in non-historical fields including technical ones. The article is supplied with the examples from law, architecture and building construction.

Keywords: methodology, causality, history, criminal law, building construction.

Berus V.V. (Krivoy Rog). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky on Subjectivity and Great Personality………. 8

The author of the article studies A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s consideration of methods in social and historical epistemology, and prospects of human race’s development as of a new social commonality. The article is based on the unpublished texts from A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s archive.

Keywords: positive principle, subjective method in sociology, social subject, social integration, great historical personality.

Vetokhina V.А. (St. Petersburg). A Comparative Historical Method of Research in A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Concept of Epistemological Theory………. 9

The article presents A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s theoretical and epistemological concept, which combines ideographic and nomothetic approaches in historical knowledge. It allows propose the method of comparative historical research based on comparison of the amount of historical sources created within different cultures.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s method, comparison, nomothetic approach, ideographic approach, historical source.

Gourskaya N.V. (Tolyatti). Cultural History and the Concepts of Cultural Science in A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Historical and Philosophic Works………. 10

The author of the article studies those aspects of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s historical and philosophical views that concern cultural history. She points out that the scholar’s works form the basis of foundations and arguments for the concepts of cultural science.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, concepts of cultural science, history of culture.

Doroshenko N.M. (St. Petersburg). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Historical Methodology and the System of Russian Philosophy of History………. 13

The article presents a study of its author who attempts to find out A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s scholarly status to reach understanding of what he is: an empiricist or theoretician, a historian or philosopher, and if the latter – an ontologist or epistemologist, logician or methodologist. The author compares views of the scholars, who represent principal philosophic and historical trends of the time, such as historical positivism (R. Ju. Wipper, N.I. Kareev, V.O. Kliuchevsky), and Neo-Kantianism (L.P. Karsavin, V.M. Khvostov, M.M. Khvostov).

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, methodology, ontology, epistemology, logics, positivism, Neo-Kantianism, ideographic and nomographic methods, hermeneutics, criteria.

Komochev N.A. (Moscow). Methods of Diplomatic Analysis in the Works of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s School………. 16

The author of the article analyzes the method of diplomatics, typical for A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s disciples; continuity between their approaches and the works of the teacher is traced. Key aspects of the method are discussed in connection with the general development of diplomatics’ methods in the 20th century.

Keywords: diplomatics, acts, private acts, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky.

Priymak N.I. (St. Petersburg). The Notion of “Historical Source” in A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Methodology of Historical Studies………. 19

The author of the article analyzes the formation of the “historical source” notion as presented in A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s work “Methodology of Historical Studies”. She notes that the scholar’s ideas preserved in the works of his disciples are also considered by researchers today to restore continuity of scholarly understanding of the issue and the methods of source studies.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, methodology of historical studies, historical source.

Rostovtsev E.A., Potekhina I.P. (St. Petersburg). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky as Known within Today’s Scientific and Information Environment………. 23

The article presents A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky as an example to illustrate the mechanism of becoming a classical historiographer. Based on the materials of the systems indexing data about publications and citation, such as Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI), WoS and Scopus, the authors bring out the demand for A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s texts in today’s scholarly literature. The citation scale of Lappo-Danilevsky’s works is compared with that of leading Russian historians of his generation (1856–1870).

Keywords: scientometrics, Russian historiography, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, P.N. Milyukov, A.A. Shakhmatov, S.F. Platonov, M.N. Pokrovsky, A.E. Presnyakov, A.A. Kizevetter, M.M. Bogoslovsky, S.V. Rozhdestvensky, M.K. Lyubavsky, N.P. Pavlov-Sil’vansky, N.A. Rozhkov, D.I. Bagaley, M.V. Dovnar-Zapol’sky, Ja.L. Barskov, I.I. Lappo.

Roumyantseva M.F. (Moscow). Perception of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Methodological Concept by Scholarly and Pedagogical School of Source Studies – http://ivid.ucoz.ru ………. 28

The author of the article analyzes how A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s phenomenological concept of historical knowledge in source studies, created by him at the dawn of the 20th century, was perceived and developed by Scholarly and Pedagogical School of source studies through 1939–2011. The School was based upon the Chamber of source studies and supporting historical disciplines at the History and Archives Institute of The Russian State University for the Humanities (Moscow), which after the Chamber’s dropping-out consolidated on the basis of the site http://ivid.ucoz.ru .

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, O.M. Medoushevskaya, Scholarly and Pedagogical School of source studies, historical source, object of historical cognition, classification of historical sources, interpretation of historical sources, empiric actuality of the historical world.

Tikhonova V.B. (St. Petersburg). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Works within the Context of Historoical Antropology………. 31

The author of the article discusses A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s creativity from the point of view of the development of historical anthropology in Russia. A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky was among the pioneers of Russian historical studies who turned to the psychological problems in historical knowledge. In his work devoted to Russian social thought of the 17th–18th centuries the historian studied Russian mentality and the world view of the transition period.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, historical anthropology, history of mentalities, historical psychology, history of Russian social thought, world view of the transition period.

Trapsh N.А. (Rostov-on-Don). “Sources of Mixed Type” in A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Theoretical Concept and Modern Historian’s Research Practice: an Attempt of Creative Interpretation……….. 34

The article presents the author’s interpretation of one element from A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s concept of source studies, i. e. his understanding of the “sources of mixed contents”. Rational use of the said element allows the scholar formulate new approach to the studies in history of the 19th-century Western Caucasus.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, historiography, classification, source, knowledge.

Tsamoutali A.N. (St. Petersburg). A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky among Contemporary Historians………. 37

The article presents A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s relations with his colleagues and disciples that were to a great extent stipulated by his complicated personality, which caused sympathy of some people, and antipathy of others.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg (Petrograd) University, Russian historiography, theory, methodology, philosophy.

Chernobaev A.A. (Moscow). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky in the Latest Russian Historiography………. 40

The author of the article analyzes Russian historiography up to the latest (1990s–2000s) concerning A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky. Principal attention is paid to new approach in highlighting the scholar’s contribution into the development of Russian historical knowledge and its methodology.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, history, historiography, methodology of historical studies.


A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and his time

Alevras N.N., Grishina N.V. (Chelyabinsk). The Teacher’s Lessons: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Ideas in His Disciples’ Creativity………. 46

The authors examine A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s school of research – specific features of its configuration and forming the corpus of participants. They designate the influence of the historian’s methodological ideas and theory of source studies upon his disciples’ creativity. Under consideration are A.I. Andreev’s, S.N. Valk’s, G.V. Vernadsky’s, and V.I. Veretennikov’s research practices.

Keywords: scholarly school, teacher, disciples, historiography, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, A.I. Andreev, S.N. Valk, G.V. Vernadsky, V.I. Veretennikov.

Ilizarov S.S. (Moscow). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Disciple T.I. Rainov, a Science Historian………. 50

The article is devoted to T.I. Rainov, a prominent Russian science historian. Little known parts of the scholar’s biography from the period of his studentship at the St. Petersburg University are reconstructed. Principal attention is paid to T.I. Rainov’s contacts with his Professor, academician A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky.

Keywords: history, science, methodology, the St. Petersburg University, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, T.I. Rainov, D.N. Ovsyaniko-Koulikovsky, N.D. Kondratyev.

Aphiani V.Ju. (Moscow). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and V.I. Vernadsky: Endeavour to Generalization of the Past………. 55

The article presents the analysis of V.I. Vernadsky’s and A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s biographies and creativity. Coincidence is revealed in their aspiration for wide generalization and writing fundamental works, this being based upon various specific features including the scholars’ origin, education, and the St. Petersburg research school identity.

Keywords: V.I. Vernadsky, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, biography, scholarly creativity, generalization of the past, comparative research, Archive of Russian Academy of Sciences.

Basargina E.Ju. (St. Petersburg). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky as the CambridgeUniversity Honorary Doctor of Laws………. 57

The circumstances of awarding A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky the Cambridge University honoris causa degree in Summer 1916 are discussed in the article. Comments are given to a group shot of Russian and British scholars made in Cambridge on August 16th, 1916.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, international scholarly contacts, World War I, history of science.

Grishin K.P. (Bryansk). Personal and Scholarly Relations of Academicians A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and M.A. Diakonov………. 60

Personal relations of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and M.A. Diakonov within the body of Russian historical community are under consideration in the article. Special attention is paid to professional contacts at the moment of entering the scholarly community, during the period of writing their dissertations, and their co-work at the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Keywords: the history of historical studies, historians’ relations, Russian Academy of Sciences, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, M.A. Diakonov.

Demianovsky N.A. (St. Petersburg). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and the Publication of “Memoirs” of the King Stanisław August………. 64

The article tells about A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s activity in connection with the edition of “Memoirs” of the last Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski. It is difficult to evaluate the scale of the scholar’s participation in publication of the said historical source, but this does not allow us ignore his contribution.

Keywords: S.M. Goryainov, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, “Memoirs” of the King Stanisław August Poniatowski.

Dolgova E.A. (Moscow). Documents on the Activity of Russian Sociological Society named after M.M. Kovalevsky (1916–1923)………. 67

Documents presenting the activity of Russian Sociological Society named after M. M. Kovalevsky (19161923) are analyzed in the article. They reveal the peculiarities and dynamics of the scholarly association’s work, characterize the process of institutionalization of sociology, and designate the specific features of forming and spreading the sociological knowledge in Russian science during the first quarter of the 20th century.

Keywords: Russian Sociological Society named after M. M. Kovalevsky, A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky, history of sociology, institutionalization of science, scholarly community.

Zonova N.S. (St. Petersburg). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and Russian Scholarly Missions at International Congresses for Historical Studies at the Dawn of the 20th Century………. 71

Numerous forms of international co-work were put into life at the edge of the 19th–20th centuries, congresses of historical studies among those. From one congress to another participation of Russian historians became more and more significant, both in quantity and quality of representation. A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s congress activity was important for successful integration of Russian historical science into the world’s one.

Keywords: international co-work, international congresses for historical studies, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky.

Kireeva R.А. (Moscow). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky on Russian Historiography………. 73

A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s works on Russian historiography are under consideration in the article. Based on the scholar’s archive, it presents reconstruction of his concept for historiography, also analyzed is the notion of “historiography”, and certain periods are designated in the history of historical studies.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, historiography, Russian history, self-conscience.

Korzoun V.P. (Omsk). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky: Early Attempts of Intellectual History in Russian Humanities………. 77

The author of the article presents A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s search for the image of intellectual history within the limits of the increscent interest to cultural history in the world’s and Russian historiography.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, cultural history, history of intellectual life, intellectual culture, history of mankind’s intellectual development, history of an idea, perception, national consciousness.

Lappo-Danilevsky K.Ju. (St. Petersburg). The Lappo-Danilevskys: the Family Origins and Tradition………. 83

The author of the article traces the Lappo-Danilevskys family history from the early 18th to the early 20th century, and explores the significance of the family for A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, history of the family, genealogy, micro-history, the Lappo-Danilevskys, the Chuykevichs, the Gangeblovs, the Chorbs, the Manvelovs, the Lesnitskys.

Malinov A.V. (St. Petersburg). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky as an Organizer of Sociological Studies in Russia………. 102

The article considers A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s activity for organizing sociological studies and teaching sociology in Russia. Not only was he the first Chairman of Russian Sociological Society named after M.M. Kovalevsky, but in 1918 also tried to found an Institute for Social Studies within the Academy of Sciences. Plans for systematic sociological courses belong to him as well.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, sociology, science, teaching, institutionalization, sociological society.

Sidorchouk I.V. (St. Petersburg). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Fatal Indifference to Politics………. 105

The article considers the influence of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s political views upon the success of his scholarly and administrative activity. The author analyzes the scholar’s achievements in interdisciplinary studies against the background of general development of humanities and the characteristic features of the learned community sub-culture at the edge of the 19th–20th centuries.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, scholarly community at the edge of the 19th – 20th centuries, methodology of historical studies, history of sociology in Russia, interdisciplinary studies.

Ramazanov S.P. (Volgograd). Epistemological and Social Contexts of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s Methodological
Search………. 108

The article is devoted to the influence of social situation in Russia of the early 1900s upon A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s type of methodological search. It is shown that the scholar’s peculiar treatment of the Neo-Kantian historical methodology was stipulated by the tradition of the Russian historiography development along with the professionalism of a Russian methodologist.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, historical laws, value, evaluation, historical significance, the notion of the entire.

Rat’kovsky I.S. (St. Petersburg). Destiny Crossroads: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, S.F. Platonov and D.B. Ryazanov in 1918………. 112

The article presents A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s, S.F. Platonov’s, and D.B. Ryazanov’s activity in organizing Russian archive science. The influence of the Emergency Commission (Cheka) upon this process is also revealed.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, S.F. Platonov, D.B. Ryazanov, Union of Russian Archivists, Cheka (Emergency Commission).

Tikhonov I.L. (St. Petersburg). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and Archaeology………. 115

The author of the article discusses A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s scholarly activity in archaeology, and presents his groundings on specificity of material sources.

Keywords: A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, archaeology, lectures, material sources.

Tribounsky A.A. (Moscow). A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky in V.G. Drouzhinin’s Memoirs………. 120

The article is devoted to the history of creating V.G. Drouzhinin’s memoirs, as well to presentation of A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky’s personality and activity in the said text.

Keywords: memoirs, image, V.G. Drouzhinin, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky, S.F. Platonov, V.D. Bonch-Bruyevich.


Russian historiography and philosophy of history

Adonyeva I.G. (Novosibirsk). The “French Element” in Historical and Legal Discourse of “The Russian Messenger” Magazine in 1856–1862……….. 127

The article characterizes the “French element” in historical and legal discourse of “The Russian Messenger” Magazine during the liberal period (1856–1862). The reasons for special attention to Russian and foreign justice are described. Representatives of the group of the magazine authors who participated in determination of its subject matter are found out. “The Russian Messenger’s” part in spreading academic historical and legal knowledge is argued.

Keywords: legal discourse, “The Russian Messenger”, legal history of France, the state-historical school.

Vorobyeva N.N. (St. Petersburg). The Church History Studies in Russia at the Edge of the 19th–20th Centuries: Problems of Early Christian History, and the Search for Self-Identity………. 129

The article presents one of the aspects in the development of Russian church history studies at the edge of the 19th–20th centuries, i. e. the problem of creating scholarly concepts for early Christian history.

Keywords: historiography, the church history studies, concept, early Christianity, history of old Christian church.

Voskresenskaya M.A. (St. Petersburg). Historiosophy of the Silver Age……….132

The article reveals the specificity of the Silver Age creators’ historiosophical views. The author argues that understanding history in philosophical thought and artistic creativity of the Silver Age should be referred to as that of cultural studies. These historiosophical compositions present culture as the principal element of social development. Human spiritual development is understood as the essence of historical process.

Keywords: historiosophy; the Silver Age; culture élite.

Dvornichenko A.Ju. (St. Petersburg). From US with Love and Care: Phenomenon of George Vernadsky………. 135

The article is devoted to G.V. Vernadsky, an outstanding historian of Russian emigration. The author describes “the phenomenon of Vernadsky” outlining the aspects of historical, historiographical, and cultural studies.

Keywords: G.V. Vernadsky, phenomenon, emigration, historiography, culture.

Drosneva E. (Sofia, Bulgaria). The St. Petersburg Landmarks of Bugarian–Russian Contacts in the 19th–21st centuries………. 138

The article is an abridged version of the first part of the research on the Bulgarians’ contacts with the St. Petersburg University. Bulgarian students appeared there as early as at the edge of the 1840s–1850s, and in 1852 Spiridon Palaouzov defended his Master’s thesis under the guidance of I.I. Sreznevsky. During subsequent decades Dimitry Blagoev, Atanas Shopov, and V.N. Zlatarsky studied at the University. Many philologists worked on probation, among them were specialists in the history of Bulgarian Mediaeval and the Renaissance literature. Pavel Oreshkov was a disciple to N.S. Derzhavin and V. Jagich. P.M. Bitsilli defended there his Master’s thesis, and after the October revolution worked at the University in Sofia, same as a historian Benedict Miakotin, another graduate from the St. Petersburg University.

Keywords: the St. PetersburgUniversity, Bulgarian students, I. I. Sreznevsky, S. N. Palaouzov, V. N. Zlatarsky.

Isaev D.P. (Rostov-on-Don). Cultural Source Studies, or Phenomenological Method in Today’s Russian Historiography………. 142

The article considers historical phenomenology as a trend in modern historical studies. Attention is concentrated on theoretical positions, and the scholarly community’s response to a new method in historiography is presented. Special attention is paid to the evolution of several points in phenomenological approach. The author makes an attempt to insert historical phenomenology into the context of today’s historical thought.

Keywords: exact knowledge, historical phenomenology, cultural source studies, reduction.

Krivosheev Ju.V. (St. Petersburg). On M.K. Lyubavsky’s State, Social and Political Views………. 145

Based on archive documents the article discusses social and political views of academician M.K. Lyubavsky, one of the prominent Russian historians. The author comes to a conclusion that during long time they remained invariable.

Keywords: M.K. Lyubavsky, A.I. Guchkov, the Academic affair, statist.

Mininkova L.V. (Rostov-on-Don). V. O. Klyuchevsky on the Zemsky Sobor of 1613 within the Light of the Theory of Patrimonial State………. 147

V.O. Klyuchevsky paid attention to the zemsky sobors as a prerequisite of the state’s transformation from patrimonial form to the state of the New Time. He considered the zemsky sobor of 1613 to be a result of such institutions’ evolution, and emphasized that the early zemsky sobors were free from representation.

Keywords: theory of patrimonial state, the Tsar patrimony, new political consciousness.

Mourtouzaliev S.I. (Moscow). The Birth of Russian Historiography of “Bulgaria Studies of the Ottoman Period” (15th–mid-19th century)………. 150

The birth of “Bulgaria studies of the Ottoman period” is connected with the beginnings of Bulgaria and Ottoman studies as special disciplines in Russia. It dates back from the period of the Ottoman conquest of Bulgaria. In the article stages and ways of accumulating information are revealed. The background for further studies in Bulgarian history of the 15th–16th centuries has been formed up to the mid-19th century.

Keywords: Slavic studies, Bulgaria studies, Ottoman studies, historiography, pre-revolutionary Russia, stages.

Polyakov I.A. (St. Petersburg). S.B. Veselovsky and His Heritage in Historiography Commemorations and the Society Reminiscence………. 153

The article presents the destiny of heritage and the image of academician S. B. Veselovsky, an outstanding Russian historian. Special attention is paid to commemorations and memorial practice of historians connected with him.

Keywords: Russian historiography, S. B. Veselovsky, RussianAcademy of Sciences, commemorations.

Sinel’nikov D.P. (St. Petersburg). Repeating the Unlearned: Lessons of Russian Neo-Kantian Historians……….. 158

Epistemological and ontological aspects of “logic of representation” as possible specificity of historical studies are under consideration of the article’s author.

Keywords: tradition of methodological search, Neo-Kantianism, cultural conditionality of methodological search.

Sirenov A.V. (St. Petersburg). A St. Petersburg Historian Alexey Fedorovich Malov………. 161

The article presents a research on biography of Alexey Fedorovich Malov, a St. Petersburg historian active in the first half of the 20th century, who became a victim of political repressions. The article is concentrated on the materials of the historian’s personal archive held by The National Library of Russia. The author argues that Malov’s researches remain important and of current interest.

Keywords: source studies, Russian historiography, hagiography, history of Russian science, A.F. Malov.