Klio #8 (68) 2012


Diaries, memoirs

Chetverikov B.D. (Saint Petersburg). “Stezhky-dorozhky” (“The pathways”) (continuation)………. 3

The autobiographical novel by B.D. Chetverikov tells us about the writer’s life that can be called «the outline» of the history of our country in the 20th century.

Katukova E.S. (The Moscow Region). Something to remember (continuation)………. 10

These memoirs narrate Yekaterina Sergeevna Katukova’s life course that was inseparably linked with the outstanding military leader Mikhail Yefimovich Katukov.


Philosophy of history

Dunaev M.V. (Saint Petersburg). Relation of democracy and pseudoscience: experience in analyzing within the framework of postpositivism………. 18

This article is devoted to the relation ideals of democracy and the principles of organization of pseudoscience. Review of the problem is based on the comparison of two conceptual points of view within the philosophy postpositivism: Karl Popper and P. Feyerabend.


Unuversal history

Berezhnaya N.A. (Saint Petersburg). Heidelberg religious conflict of 1558-1560 and transformation of religious beliefs of the elector Friedrich III………. 21

The religious situation in Heidelberg in the late fifties – early sixties of the XVI century is discussed here as a factor of change in the religious beliefs of the elector Friedrich III. The author shows the vital importance of the religious and personal factors in the development of Calvinism in the lands of the Holy Roman Empire. The article argues that the Heidelberg religious conflict has made the Palatinate Reformation so very much specific

Nesterova I.E. (Saint Petersburg). Hydrological interrelation as a factor of international cooperation. ………. 25

In article the basic problems of shortage of water resources and questions of regulation of water use which can cause as independent conflicts are mentioned, and to become the basis for expansion of traditional conflicts between the states. The author considers existing political legal mechanisms in permission of global crisis of water resources, also estimates efforts of the world community on its overcoming within the international formats of cooperation.

Kasovich Yu.O. (Saratov). Assistance to Ukraine and Kazakhstan as an instrument of the United States geostrategic plans implementation……….. 31

This article is devoted to the research of study of U.S. assistance to Kazakhstan and Ukraine after the collapse of the Soviet Union. This special accent is made on the differences between the United States objectives in these two states, as well as methods of policy of support.


Home history

Burkov V.G. (Saint Petersburg). Asian Department. On history of the Russian Ministry for Foreign
Affairs………. 36

The article is dedicated to the history of the Asian department of Russian Ministry for Foreign Affairs


Past of Russian regions

Kazantsev V.P. (Saint Petersburg). The system of local administration in the utmost north-east of the Russian empire (Kamchatka, Chukot): plans of the government and reality (the second half of the XIX century – beginning of the XX century)………. 39

The article is devoted to the system of local administration of Okhotsk-Kamchatka region and the
plans of the government on its reorganization in the second half of the XIX – beginning of the
XX centuries.

Gessen Yu.V. (Saint Petersburg). How the census was taken in Saint Petersburg before the October 1917. On the occasion of the150th anniversary of the first population census………. 44

In this article the censuses made in Saint Petersburg from 1862 to 1917 have been analyzed on the basis of archival documents and literary works, local censuses being of particular concern. The importance of censuses for development of city economy, municipal improvements, public health and education has been shown. Changes in the personal census-paper list of questions used for population composition characteristic have been revealed.

Dianova K.A. (Petrozavodsk). Dedicated to the 95th anniversary of the revolution: revolutionary events of 1917 and local lore societies of the Russian North………. 63

This article is dedicated to analysis of the effect of February and October Revolutions on activity
of local lore societies in Arkhangelsk, Vologda, and Petrozavodsk. These organizations
appeared shortly after the revolution of 1905–1907 and for the brief period of their existence
were able to develop the right study of local lore. Since most members of the societies were representatives of nobility and bourgeoisie, under revolution and political regime change they were found alien to the new power. 

Zotova A.V. (Saint Petersburg). Financial and economic activities in Leningrad and its environs after complete removal of the blockade………. 66

For the first time in historiography the financial and economic activities of the Leningrad executive authorities during the first months following the complete removal of the blockade are studied on the basis of wide range of archival documents

Pilipenko A.A. (Petropavlosk-Kamchatski). Development of the Soviet system of school education in Kamchatka (1922–1941): historiographic aspect………. 72

This article presents division into periods of school construction historiography in Kamchatka in
1922–1941. The analysis of literature and other sources pertaining to the problem is presented in chronological order

Plekhov A.E. (Saint Petersburg). Coming into being of tutorship institution at the Leningrad industrial enterprises in the first half of 1970’s………. 74

Tutorship is one of the terms that at present, once again, is widely discussed and quite often considered as completely neglected but very important for the current moment practice of the Soviet past. This article presents the history of tutorship development at the Leningrad enterprises during the period of the most intensive development of heavy industry. 


Military history

Poznakhiev V.V. (Saint Petersburg). Leave for domestic reasons for a Turkish prisoner of war………. 78

In the article consideration is being given to main issues pertaining to acquiring a right to leave by
enemy prisoners of war during Russo-Turkish war of 1806–1812. While considering this phenomenon as natural consequence of the Russian authorities’ humane treatment of enemy prisoners of war, the author covers the procedure and terms of granting leaves, their aims and duration and analyses the results achieved.

Alekseev M.A. (Moscow). The Soviet military intelligence about Germany’s plans of attack on the Soviet Union………. 79

In this article the Soviet military intelligence activity, pertaining to revealing of Germany’s aggressive plans  shortly before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, is analyzed with the use of large amount of historiography documents .

Terent’ev V.O., Panov R.A. (Saint Petersburg ). The third Leningrad division of people’s volunteer corps in the battle for Leningrad………. 102

The article is dedicated to previously unknown pages in history of the battle for Leningrad (1941–1944) and contribution made by people’s volunteer corps, particularly by the third division of LANO (the Leningrad army of people’s volunteer corps), to the city defense. In the article the division’s combat course is briefly described.

Zhabrovets I.V. (Saint Petersburg). Place and role of combat training in maintenance of the required alertness of units and elements………. 104

The article is devoted to the study of historic experience in organization of combat training
important for maintaining the required alertness of units and elements both at wartime and time of


History of culture

Makhlina S.T. (Saint Petersburg). Chair and armchair in living interior………. 107

Living interior is of grate importance for a man. The most required subjects are of greatest importance in interior. One of them is a chair – a piece of furniture designed to sit on. From all the pieces of furniture a chair is “a must” of any interior. The most ancient chairs are folded ones that originated from the curul seats. In the article the history of transformation of chairs and armchairs design is described from ancient time to the present day.

Shafazhinskaya N.E. (Moscow). Golden age of sanctity in the Russian history and culture………. 111

This article is devoted to the most important period of the Russian history and culture, golden
age of sanctity, marked with activity of outstanding church reformers and devotees, Saint
Alexius of Moscow and the Venerable Sergius of Radonezh. In the historical and culturology
aspect, the golden age of Russian sanctity, represented with the works by the disciples of
the unique school of Sergius of Radonezh, made a major contribution to the Russian spiritual
culture and filled it with the richest architecture, written language, icon painting,
Christian education, missionary deeds, culture of house-keeping, agricultural tradition, as
well as the unique communicative culture formed on the basis of principles of living together and spiritual tutorship. 


Personage of history

Corti M. (Milan, Italy). Doctor of the drama school………. 117

Using previously unknown documents, the author supplemented the biography of Mikhail Petrovich Maroketti, the doctor of Saint Petersburg drama school in 1827-1860, with new details. Maroketti was famous in Europe for his “Treatise on hydrophobia” (SPb., 1821). It is the American scientists’ opinion, that his “Manual … on epilepsy treatment” (SPb., 1844) influenced, in a certain way, Dostoevskiy’s idea of epilepsy.   

Davlet-Kil’deeva N.G. (Saint Petersburg). A.G. Nebolsin – prominent figure in the sphere of professional training in Russia, humanist and philanthropist………. 123

In this article the main directions of A.G. Nebolsin’s activity are discussed as well as his role in creation and development of professional training in Russia, his participation in social and cultural life of the Russian society in the second half of XIX century – beginning of XX century.

Sulaberidze Yu.S. (Tbilisi, Georgia). Role of M.A. Polievktov in development of Ruissian-Gerogian cultural and scientific traditions………. 125

Considered in the article is the second (Tbilisi) period of activity of M.A. Polievktov, the founder of the
Russian scientific Caucasus regional studies. A lot of credit must go to one of the representatives
of the Petersburg school of historians, who discovered archival documents pertaining to the
history of Georgian-Russian relations in XVI century – beginning of XIX century. M.A. Polievktov attempted to create scientific conception of the Caucasian question against the wide background of international relations. The scientist’s works are in the golden fund of the Russian and Georgian Caucasus regional studies. 

Smolyakov F.V. (Krasnodar). Category of the absurd in creative work of P.N. Filonov………. 130

This paper is devoted to analysis and interpretation of one of the basic categories for artistic discourse by P.N. Filonov – the absurd category. The absurdity is understood as a mechanism of everyday existence, which is overcome by creating a dynamic work of art. There are basic components of a category of the absurd, by P.N. Filonov: the act of birth, being-towards-death, decay, death, sealing the object, cataloging of formal relations.


Reviews of official opponents

Osmanov A.I. (Saint Petersburg). Comment on the thesis by S.E. Vinigradov “Creation of the battleships of dreadnought type in Russia in 1905–1907: development, building and combat use”………. 134

It is noted in the review that the thesis by S.E. Vinogradov is the first comprehensive study of the Russian dreadnoughts. It is emphasized that the author of the thesis introduced into scientific circulation great amount of documents from the Russian state archives and from the private archive of the shipbuilder V.P. Kostenko.


Reviews of scientific publications

Fortunatov V.V. (Saint Petersburg). Russian Leviathan from birth to death………. 136

In the review the manual, prepared by the Petersburg historian A.Yu. Dvorchenko, is highly appraised and characterized as “a capital monograth”.

Poltorak C.N. (Saint Petersburg). About publishing of “Special journals of Council of Ministers of Russian Empire” for the period of 1906–1917………. 138

In the review many volume edition of Special Journals, that were issued by Council of Ministers of Russian Empire during 1906–1907, is highly appraised. The Special Journals were issued for familiarization of Nicolas II with contents of the Council sittings.

Kutuzov A.V., Kutuzov V.A. (Saint Petersburg). Review of the monograth by D.A. Bochinin “Birth and development of aircraft industry of Saint Petersburg–Petrograd–Leningrad in 1909–1941”………. 140

Analyzed in the review is the work by D.A. Bochinin dedicated to little-studied aspects of aircraft industry formation in Saint Petersburg–Petrograd–Leningrad, its development on the eve of and during the First World War, its reconstruction after revolution and the Civil War and further development on the eve of the Great Patriotic War. While highlighting the book merits, the authors point out some weaknesses of the book and offer the ways for the monograth perfection. 

Sokolov S.L., Yazov D.T., Kulikov V.G., Petrov V.I. (Moscow). The Great Patriotic War: main events………. 142

In the review the contents of the first volume of the twenty volume encyclopaedic edition dedicated to the history of the Great Patriotic War is appraised with high degree of professionalism. The fundamental and academic nature of the published material is mentioned, and striving of the group of authors for unprejudiced elucidation of the events described is noted.


Scientific life

Scientific conference held

Lapina I.Yu., Kargoltsev S.Yu., (Saint Petersburg). Russia- Germany: present and future through the prism of the past………. 147

At the conference It was told about the development of the term “Germany” from Julius Caesar time to the present day, the main stages of state system development in Germany were indicated. The review of materials of conference dedicated to the year of Germany in Russia was presented.



Jubilee of R.Ya. Khabibullina………. 149

The article tells about well-known historian R.Ya. Khabibullina, who has lectured at the Department of History  of the Leningrad State University named after A.A. Zhdanov over many years. Being the wife of the bright historian, the professor V.I. Selitskiy, Raisa Yakovlevna herself is a talented scientist and teacher, who trained more than twenty candidates of science degree in history.