Klio # 2 (158) 2020



Tingting Yang (Harbin, China). Cognition and research of the works of D. S. Merezhkovsky in Chinese academic circles…………………..13



Doctoral student of the Russian language Institute

Heilongjiang University.

150080, China, Harbin, Nangang District, Xuefu R. 74.



The perception of Merezhkovsky by Chinese academic circles is gradually changing. His personality seems to change all the time, from the original founder of the theory of symbolism to the Creator of “mixed style” novels, from the proponent of the “new religious consciousness” to the “spiritual mentor” who promotes social change, from the “subjective critic” and “critic of religious philosophy” to the determinant of the new method of criticism, but he never disappeared from the field of view of Chinese scientists.

Keywords: D. S. Merezhkovsky; Chinese academic circles; literary criticism.



Shatnova A.V. (Moscow). The progress of Czech national idea in Karel Havlíček Borovsky’s writings: from panslavism to austroslavism………………….18



Graduate student of the Faculty of History,

Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov

119234, Russia, Moscow, ul. Lenin mountains, 1

+7 (903)-506-02-26, e-mail: shatnova1995@list.ru


The article discusses the process of Czech national identity in the first half of the 19th century. The author focuses on the analysis of the views of a well-known publicist, a recognized patriot of the Czech people Karel Gavlicek Borovsky. He went a difficult way from trying to adapt the idea of Slavic reciprocity to the national interests of the Czechs to its actual denial, insisting on their inherent to “European character”. The result of this process was the adoption of the concept of Austroslavism. Borovsky was one of those Czech national figures who personally visited Russia. From the trip he made sharply negative impressions, which influenced his final rejection of the idea of all-Slavism. Gavlicek did not deny the existence of a Slavic community, which is characterized by the similarity of cultures, customs and language. However, he claims that the homeland of the Czechs is not all Slavs, but only the Czech Republic, Moravia, Slovakia and Silesia. Awareness of the predominance of Czech interests over the common Slavic and the rejection of the patronizing role of Russia became the basis for the formation of a new Czech identity.

Keywords: national identity, Slavic mutuality, pan-Slavism, Austroslavism, Karel Havlíček Borovsky, Czech national Revival.


Kovalchuk L.I. (Moscow). “Officium passionis Domini” by Saint Francis of Assisi as the First Liturgical System of the Franciscan Order……………………..23



Ph. D. student, department of general art history

Faculty of History

 Moscow State University

119192, Lomonosovskiy pr., 27/4

 Moscow, Russian Federation

E-mail: ladakovalchuk@yandex.ru


The article is devoted to the allegorical interpretation of the “Office of the Passions of God” written by St Francis of Assisi (1181/1182–1226) a year before his death. The article describes structure of the office, liturgical order and content, as well as liturgical and religious background. Special attention is being given to the method of St Francis to compile his own liturgical office. Most of the analysis focused on allegorical meaning, various “codes” and biblical imagery used by St Francis. The article shows that the manner of Francis` compilation can best be understood in terms of his view on preaching, Passions and his brotherhood. The nature of the office is analyzed in terms of medieval liturgical traditions of the Roman Catholic Church. This is extremely important because of unification of liturgy and appearance of liturgical rites, which have arisen and then adopted by Franciscans in the 2nd half of the 13th century. The article describes a variety of litugical genres and books.

Key words: Francis of Assisi, Francisacans, Officium passionis Domini, writings of St Francis, liturgy, breviary, Psalter, Ordo Romanus, Italy.


Korobov S.A. (Moscow). Transformation of public discourse in Italy under the influence of colonial policy during the Italian-Turkish war of 1911-1912……………31



Insitute of African Studies

123001, Moscow, Spiridonovka 30/1

Email: simeon.korobov@gmail.com


The article, based on the analysis of public statements and articles by prominent Italian public figures during the Italian-Turkish war of 1911-1912, examines the changes that occurred in the political climate of Italy during the war. For the first few decades following its unification, Italy pursued a limited colonial policy, both because of its weakness and because a large part of the influential strata of Italian society were not interested in acquiring colonies. Many Italian politicians, including nationalists and Catholics, opposed the acquisition of colonies by Italy, seeing this as an unnecessary burden and fearing being drawn into conflicts with other colonial powers. The article compares the position of Italian political forces regarding colonial policy in the last quarter of the XIX century with the position that these political forces took during the Italian invasion of Libya. Since Italy was a relatively democratic society, a broad and acute public debate could not but affect the future of the colonial question in Italy. The article analyzes the influence of changes in the ideology of various political movements in Italy, from socialists to Catholics, on their further development leading up to the creation of the fascist movement in Italy, as a synthesis of the political movements of Italy that split during the 1910s.

Keywords: Libya, Italy, colonialism, imperialism, fascism, mass media, ideology.


Adeshkin I.N. (Moscow). The World War I in the perception of American Expeditionary Force’s soldiers (1917-1918)………………………….36



Postgraduate Student,

The Chair of the Modern and Contemporary History,

The Faculty of History,

Moscow State University,

Russia, Moscow, Lomonosovskiy ave. 27, bld. 4.

E-mail: Adeshkinin@mail.ru.


The article examines the perception of the World War I by soldiers of the American Expeditionary forces in France. The author sought to recreate the «soldier’s» perception of war, to describe the moral and everyday trials through which they passed. Special attention is paid to the fact that most of the formation was represented by volunteers and draftees – former farmers and workers, for whom not only the war, but also the military way of life with its limitations was a test. For the Americans, this was the first experience of participating in the war on a par with the «great» European powers, complicated by a lack of combat and organizational experience. In Russian historiography, the perception of the World War I by the soldiers of the American Expeditionary Forces was not the subject of special research. The article is written on the original sources, first introduced into scientific circulation, among which the materials of the national archives of the United States, stored in College Park, prevail.

Keywords: the USA, the World War I, American Expeditionary Forces, US Army, military history, military-historical anthropology, daily life, perception of war.


Kotelnikov K.D. (St. Petersburg). “Pyramid without Foundation”: the social composition of Russian emigration in Germany of the 1920s………………………43


Konstantin Dmitrievich Kotelnikov

third-year graduate student,

Chair of modern and contemporary history,

Institute of History,

Saint Petersburg State University, Mendeleevskaya Line, 5, St. Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: kotelnikowk@gmail.com


The article analyzes the composition of Russian emigration in Germany of the 1920s. The author uses the documental and narrative sources and critically considers the opinions of contemporaries towards this issue as well as the estimates existing in the academic historical literature. The author concludes that the emigrant community in Germany and specifically in Berlin in the first half of the 1920s numerically consisted first of all of young and middle-aged ethnic Russian men with full secondary or higher education, who came from the urban middle and upper classes; women, children and the elderly occupied a smaller share; at the same time, ethnic Jews and Germans were widely represented, while Ukrainians made up a less prominent group; burghers, peasants, and workers were also present.

Keywords: Russian emigration, Russian Berlin, Berlin of the 1920s, emigration of the first wave, refugees, migration studies, adaptation of migrants.


Bychkov M.A. (Moscow). Ireland in the 1930s: country at the crossroads…48



PhD in History

Associate professor of the Department of Humanities and Natural Sciences

Moscow Institute of Economics

Russia, Moscow, 109390, ul. Artyukhina, 6, korp. 1.


The article analyzes the problems of the historical development of Ireland in the 1930s. It provides a brief analysis of Russian historiography of this period of Irish history, including Irish fascism. According to the author, the period under consideration in Irish history was a time of “cold” civil war, neither communism nor fascism had roots in Irish society, but were slogans of the warring parties. Moreover, the opposition of the radical opposition forces both to each other and to the political authorities of the country in the face of the unresolved many socio-economic problems, as well as the insufficient consolidation of the Irish society, which survived the civil war of 1922-1923, could provoke a new social conflict The government of Imon de Valera, who chose the social reformist path of social development based on the traditional institutions of Irish society, was able to overcome this problem and so to outline the path to achieving the full independence of the Irish state.

Keywords: Eamonn De Valera, Irish Free State, Republican Army of Ireland, Owen O’Duffy, Blue Shirts, Fianna Fail, Fine Gael.


Mylnikuva Yu. S. (St. Petersburg). Half a century of borrowing: The history of the Western Drama Theater in China until 1949…………..52



PhD,  Associate Professor, Department of History of the Far East Countries,

Asian&African Studies Faculty, St.Petersburg University

11, Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation




Since the early 20th century China, Japan and India have been trying to adapt and develop the methodology of the European theatre. The artistic forms of this theatre possessed radical novelty as regards their civil and social content when compared with the traditional oriental formats. The entire contemporary Asian theatre resulted from reworking and interpretation of European models of drama theatre, which served also as a conduit for propagation of novel political ideas. This paper discusses the rise of huaju and its maturity as a dramatic and theatre form, running from the first half of the twentieth century to the formation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.

Keywords: Chinese drama theatre, spoken drama, huaju, dramaturgy.


Magomedkhanov M.М. Bakanov A.V., Garunova S.M. (Makhachkala). Russian-Dagestan trade and economic relations during the existence of the Moscow Kingdom……..61



D.Sc. (in History), Prof., Head of Dept. of Ethnography

The Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the

Daghestan Scientific Centre of RAS

Russia, Makhachkala, M. Yaragskogo 75 st.




Junior Researcher

The Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the

Daghestan Scientific Centre of RAS

Russia, Makhachkala, M. Yaragskogo 75 st.




Junior Researcher

The G. Tsadasa Institute of  Language, Literature and Art of the

Daghestan Scientific Centre of  RAS,

Russia, Makhachkala, M.Gadzhieva 45 st.



The beginning of the 17th century, marked by the multidimensional political crisis of the Time of Troubles, became a real test for the Moscow Kingdom. Endless internal contradictions, destructive tendencies, and external expansion fundamentally ruined and practically split the country into parts. After the accession of the Romanov dynasty to the Russian Throne and the end of the troubles, the Russian State will need to restore half a century. Both in the first and in the second half of the 17th century, the Moscow Kingdom of will equally look at both the West and the East in the matter of developing trade and economic ties. However, throughout the XVII century, for the Russian State due to the Russian-Swedish, Russian-Polish, Russian-Turkish and Russian-Crimean military-political contradictions, almost all sea and land communications located on the perimeter of the Baltic and Black Seas will become inaccessible. The region of concentration of European trade will be the White Sea coast. With regard to Asian trade, the North Caspian region will assume this function. The main trade and transport communication providing the Moscow Kingdom with its main commodity transit to the North – South and West – East directions during the 17th century will be the White Sea-Volga-Caspian trade and transport artery organically connected with the logistics of Dagestan.

Keywords: Moscow Kingdom, the Volga-Caspian waterway, Volga-Caspian highway, handicraft and manufactory production, raw materials, Eastern states, European powers.


Frolov D.I. (Moscow). The creed of spiritual Christians Molokans (Postoyannye) in the XIX – early XX centuries………………..71



postgraduate Student, Department of Church History, Faculty of History, Lomonosov Moscow State University. 119243, Russia, Moscow, Lenin Hills, 1. Phone: +7 (916) 954-61-35, E-mail: frolovmol@mail.ru


The creed of the Christian Christians of the Molokans was formed at the end of the 18th century in the Tambov province by the peasant Semyon Uklein and his associates. It was the result of the influence of Western radical Protestantism on the religious views of peasants opposed to the official Russian Orthodox Church. The Molokan dogma, built primarily on apophatic principles in relation to the Orthodox Church, otherwise did not have a strict dogmatic system and allowed a wide variety of theological views based on a fairly free interpretation of the Bible. It is not so easy to trace the genesis of the Molokan dogma due to a lack of sources. Obviously, the conversion of the Molokans to the text of the Holy Scriptures, as the main source of the creed, as well as an attempt to recreate the ideals of the Apostolic Church of the first centuries, is associated with the influence of the teachings of Western Protestants. However, the absence in Molokanism of a discussion about the meaning of faith and the person’s chances of salvation alienates the spiritual Christians of Russia from the reformers of Western Europe. The influence of dukhoborobstva and subbotniks makes Molokanism a distinctive phenomenon.

Keywords: Molokans, spiritual Christians, sects, Russian sects, Protestantism in Russia, folk theology, Dukhobors.


Perekrestova S.V. (St. Petersburg). Drones and Postal Ladies. Female Labour in the Communications Offices of the Russian Empire at the early 20th century……………..76



PhD student, Russian history from ancient times to the 20th century Department, History Institute, St. Petersburg State University, Librarian, Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, St. Petersburg, 199034, Birzhevaya line, 5, e-mail: perekrestova_sofya@mail.ru


Allowing women to work in communications offices created the new, for them, specific profession. Candidates for getting that job were required to have sufficiently high level education. Meanwhile the work itself was believed to be rather mechanical and exhausting than intellectual one. It also imposed some restrictions. Moreover, it supposed women to work side by side with men. This paper explores the situation of the Russian female communications workers at the early 20th century. It studies as their rights and duties, as their attitude to the situation and that of their male colleagues. It identifies the problems stayed actual by the early 20th century. The main focus is on the influence of such specific restrictions as marital requirements on the career opportunities of women and perception of the latter by their chiefs and colleagues. It also concerns the way the men at both positions evaluated women’s working qualities. Finally the paper considers the positive opportunities the women were provided with by their job.

Keywords: female labour, communications service, Main Administration of Posts and Telegraphs, post, telegraph, telephone, gender studies.


Korolyov M.Yu. (Moscow). Preparation of the soviet oil industry for work under condition of hostilities shortly before The Great Patriotic War….83



Postgraduate student, Department of State and Municipal management,

Faculty of Public Administration,

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Russia, Moscow, Lomonosovskiy ave. 27, bld. 4.

Phone: +7 (926) 467-48-92

E-mail: zauer123@gmail.com


The article studies the efforts of the Soviet leadership on the development of the oil industry of the USSR on the eve of World War II. The dynamics of statistical information on the volumes and structure of products produced by the People’s Commissariat of the oil industry in 1939-1941 is presented. The general state of the oil industry is assessed and the main problems of the industry are analyzed. The author concludes that the measures were effective: the security and fire safety of enterprises was increased, the privacy regime was strengthened, and the resource and production bases were increased. Measures were also taken to improve the production of oil engineering in factories. The article considers the issue of interaction between the People’s Commissariat of Oil and the Army, Navy and State Security Agencies of the USSR through the military and special departments.

Keywords: oil industry of the USSR, the People’s Commissariat of the oil industry, the Great Patriotic War, the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs, military department, mobilization of industry.


Danilova A.M. (Moscow). The All-Union Conference on Concrete and Reinforced Concrete in 1955 as an impetus for the beginning of mass industrial housing construction in the USSR…………………89



graduate student, Department of History of State and Municipal Administration, school of public administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University Russia, Moscow, Varshavskoe shosse 16 k. 2, 117105.

8 965 254 41 14

e-mail: adanilova0704@gmail.com

Starting with Khrushchev’s speech at the All-Union Conference of Builders in 1954, mass industrial housing construction became one of the priorities of the state policy of the USSR. To implement this policy it was necessary to significantly reduce the cost and speed up the construction of houses in the country, which required certain innovations in the construction sector. In May 1955, an All-Union Conference on Concrete and Reinforced Concrete was held to discuss ways to solve the tasks in the field of housing. The author analyzes the reports delivered at the conference, which was attended by various representatives of the construction industry of the USSR, as well as representatives government, such as representatives of Gosplan, Gosstroy. This conference was the starting point in new housing construction policy, the evidence of the effectiveness of new material-reinforced ferroconcrete was presented, as well as criticism of the construction industry, which significantly slows down all processes and was unable to solve the tasks and instructions of the Central Committee of the CPSU for mass housing construction. Moreover at the conference were pointed out the main difficulties of implementation new construction material – reinforced ferroconcrete in housing construction served as an impetus to accelerate construction. This conference contributed to the beginning of the widespread construction of reinforced ferroconcrete factories which allowed beginning the implementation of mass housing construction in the country.

Keywords: housing policy, industrialization of construction, housing crisis, Khrushchev, stalinka, housing, panel housing.


Novikov M.D. (St. Petersburg). The abolition of domestic mass bonds in the USSR in 1957: decision-making, information campaign and public attitude…………….95



Graduate student 3rd year, Department of Contemporary History of Russia, Institute of History, St. Petersburg State University

Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, 199406,

Shevchenko str. 25, building 1, apt. 488.

E-mail: maximnovikov3-@mail.ru


The article explores the plot of the rejection of mass government bonds in the USSR. The author studies the reasons why this decision was made, a discussion in the government about the implementation of this political step, its information support and public reaction. The author suggests understanding this event as a technical default since the presence of a large number of bonds of various mass loans among Soviet citizens could lead to large-scale financial problems in the late 1960s. On the basis of archival documents, the scholar proves that the main reason for the refusal of loans was an expanded domestic public debt, a further increase of which would negatively affect the Union budget. Closer attention to this issue allows us to fill in some of the gaps available in domestic historical knowledge, and also contributes to a deeper understanding of Soviet financial policy of the late 1950s.

Keywords: mass bonds, public debt, default, Soviet economy, mobilization campaign, financial policy, N.S. Khrushchev.


Gumenyuk A.A. (Saratov). Environmental protection measures are an important indicator of the quality of life of Soviet people in the second half of the 1950s and mid-1980s. (based on materials from the Lower Volga region)………..102


Doctor of Historical Sciences, assistant professor of the chair of Domestic History and Historiography in the Institute of history and international relations of Saratov State University named after N.G. Chernyshevskiy, Russia, 410012, Saratov, st. Astrakhan, 83

e-mail: GumenukAA@rambler.ru


The article gives an analysis of the Soviet state’s environmental protection measures (the construction of treatment facilities, measures for greening the territory) and their impact on the health status of the population of the Lower Volga region in 1955–1985. The given dynamics of fluctuations in the incidence of Volzhans is not only the most important indicator of the effectiveness of environmental protection activities of the state but also changes in the level and quality of life of Soviet people. The publication concludes that the health status of the region’s population has worsened by the mid-1980s, which necessitates the structural restructuring of the Soviet economy and the implementation of scientific and technological progress. The article is based on rich factual material extracted from central and regional archives, periodicals, published documents of Soviet and party authorities, as well as dissertation research.

Keywords: water, air, incidence, quality of life, greening, mandate, nature protection, treatment facilities, ecology.


Pavlova O.K. (St. Petersburg). Northern direction in terms of construction of Russian railways (second half of 19th – early 20th century)………………111


Doctor in Historical Sciences and Professor of Higher School of International Relations, Institute of Humanities, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University.  

195251, Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, Polytechnicheskaya, 29. E-mail: pavlovaok55@mail.ru


The article covers the history of economic development of Russia, particularly the development of the northern territories of the Empire. The most important condition for the economic development of the country was the expansion of communications, the construction of roads, especially railways, as the most economically profitable communication routes. The period of the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries has been studied. The priority conditions for the development of the northern region of Russia, as well as economic, natural, strategic aspects of the rationale for the construction of railways in the north of the country are considered. The stages of the planned directions of the Northern Railways are highlighted: The Trinity-Sergievskaya railway, to Yaroslavl, Vologda, then to Arkhangelsk; Ivanovo-Shuiskaya and Moscow-Vindаvo-Rybinskaya, adopted later under the common name Northern Railways. These privately owned roads were bought into the state treasury. The memoirs of S. Yu Witte, as one of the main supporters of the development of the northern direction, are used. Challenges encountered in achieving the Goals are noted. Government policy and private business interests are specified. The interests of the bourgeoisie, the development of market relations, the growth of private capital, contributed to the expansion of the interest of entrepreneurs in the development of the northern regions, hence the desire to invest their capital in railway construction. A number of conclusions have been drawn on the reasons for the protracted solution of the problem of railway construction in the North of the country.

Keywords: railways, stages of construction, government policy, economic needs, strategic objectives, private business, joint-stock companies.


Podrepny E.I., Pustyrev P.V. (Nizhny Novgorod). Formation of the Gorky tank-building complex in 1941-1942………………….116



Associate Professor of the Department of History and Politics of the Institute of International Relations and World History,

Nizhny Novgorod State University N.I. Lobachevsky

(Russia, Nizhny Novgorod, Ulyanov St., 2)

E-mail: podrepnyy@yandex.ru



Applicant for the scientific degree of candidate of historical sciences,

Department of History and Politics of the Institute of International Relations

and World History, Nizhny Novgorod State University N.I. Lobachevsky

(Russia, Nizhny Novgorod, 603005, Ulyanov St., 2)

E-mail: pavel_73_73@mail.ru


The article is devoted to one of the most difficult pages of national and regional history – the formation of the center of Soviet tank construction in the Gorky region in the first period of the Second World War. Here, in the center of Russia, it was possible to organize mass production of T-34 medium tanks and T-60 light tanks in the shortest possible time, and then T-70. Various sectors of transport and agricultural engineering, shipbuilding and heavy engineering were involved. In the conditions of the most difficult wartime, all possibilities were used for the use in military production of equipment previously intended for the production of civilian products. Thanks to the correct course taken in the field of military industry management, the leadership of the USSR People’s Commissariat of Tank-Building and Nizhny Novgorod enterprises managed to localize the production of tanks in the region in many positions, and even provide supplies to other tank factories. Gorky Automobile Plant was a manufacturer of engines for light tanks and self-propelled artillery installations, Kulebaksky metallurgical plant named after S. M. Kirov-nodes for the chassis of armored vehicles. This process was far from easy and was accompanied by many negative objective and subjective factors. Despite the fact that switching production facilities to military products, establishing inter-factory cooperation, creating large production centers with the maximum number of stages in the technological chain was extremely radical, the history of creating a tank-building center in the Gorky region showed the effectiveness of Soviet methods of industrial management.

Keywords: cooperation, organization, production, tank, technology.


Gurkina N.K. (St. Petersburg). “It is the duty of the teacher’s honor to work only on education young people, but also to educate them in the spirit of high culture, worthy of our great country… “(people’s Commissar of education of the RSFSR V. P. Potemkin about the school)………..124



Doctor of historical Sciences, Professor of chair of state and municipal management North-West Institute of management of the RAS-Hicks

199004, St. Petersburg, V. O., Sredny PR.. 57, tel. (812) 335-94-94.

E-mail: nina-gurkina@yandex.ru


  1. P. Potemkin – diplomat, scientist, teacher with pre-revolutionary experience and one of the organizers of the Soviet school, served as people’s Commissar of education from 1940 to 1946. The study of his works (articles and speeches) of this period allowed not only to consider the pedagogical views of the people’s Commissar and his ideas about the national model of the school, but also to more fully assess his role in reforming public education. The school of knowledge, which brought back Russian national and cultural values to the practice of teaching and upbringing, was aimed at educating patriots – “citizens who stand at the level of the great historical role of our Motherland”.

Keywords: V. P. Potemkin, Soviet school, reforms, teacher, Russian language and literature, historical education, Russian culture, patriotism.


Izmozik V.S. (St. Petersburg). Russian censorship through the eyes of scientists. Review of the collections “Censorship in Russia: history and modernity. Collection of scientific papers. Vol. 7. St. Petersburg, RNB Publ., 2015; Vol. 8. St. Petersburg, RNB Publ., 2017; Vol. 9. St. Petersburg, RNB Publ., 2019…………130


Doctor of History, Professor,

Department of History and Regional Studies,

The Bonch-Bruevich St. Petersburg State

University of Telecommunications (Russia,

193232, St. Petersburg, pr. Bolshevikov, 22/1, E-mail: izmozik@mail.ru



Peer-reviewed collections are devoted to the history of censorship in Russia for many decades. It analyzes the formation of the “information society” and the problems of access to information; specific situations of censorship relations with Russian writers, publishing houses, newspapers and magazines, theaters; documents and reference materials from the history of censorship are published; book reviews and reviews of various events on censorship issues.

Keywords. Censorship, e-democracy, censorship service, K.S. Aksakov, N.S. Leskov, A.S. Pushkin, F.I. Tyutchev.


Kashchenko S.G. (St. Petersburg). Review of the book I. M. Garskova. Historical Information Science: The Evolution of an Interdisciplinary Direction. St. Petersburg: Alethea, 2018. – 408 p.: Fig.– (Transactions of the historical faculty of Moscow state University. Issue.130. ser. II: Historical studies, 75)…………….134



Doctor of Historical Sciences, head of the chair of source studies of Russian history, St. Petersburg state University. 199034, Russia, St. Petersburg. Mendeleev line , 5. e-mail: s.kaschenko@spbu.ru


The review highly appreciates the monograph “Historical Information Science: The Evolution of an Interdisciplinary Direction” by I. M. Garskova. The monograph is devoted to fundamental and applied problems associated with assessing the place and role of mathematical methods and information technologies in historical research. A complex of methods and technologies – statistical, content-analytical, scientometric and network analysis methods – was tested on the material of an extensive representative set of sources. This is a unique comparative study that makes a significant contribution to the study of the history and historiography of the use of computer methods and information technologies in historical science.

Keywords: Historical information science, historiography, scientometrics, quantitative methods, Information technologies, science schools.